• Students can pretend to be police officers on surveillance duty – or spies – to practice the present continuous. They say what people are doing in sentences like: A man in walking into the shop. He is carrying a bag.

• We can contrast people’s work and holiday lives with the present simple and continuous in sentences like: He usually gets up at six thirty, but it’s ten o’clock and he is lying in bed reading a book.

• We can get our students to listen to sounds and tell them to describe what they think is happening.

• We can talk about someone’s daily routine to teach and practice the present simple. E.g.: She gets up at six o’clock. She goes to work by car.

• We can also mime actions to practice the present continuous. (Are you playing the guitar? Are you reading a book?)

(Jeremy Harmer – Essential Teacher Knowledge)