• To practice the present perfect simple the students can mime looking happy, exhausted, sad, amused, etc., and the other students have to ask them questions with just, such as Why are you sad? Have you just said goodbye to your girlfriend?

• If you want to introduce the present perfect continuous, you can show the students a series of pictures and they have to say what the people have been doing. E.g. She’s been jogging, he’s been taking an exam, she’s been giving a speech.