• We use a full stop (.) when we finish an idea.
  • We use a question mark (?) to show that we are asking a question.
  • We use an exclamation mark (!) to show surprise, humour and other emotions.
  • We use commas (.) to separate clauses and as breathing spaces between ideas.
  • We use colons (:) when we list things.
  • We use semicolons (;) to show pauses that are bigger than those shown by commas, smaller by those shown by full stops.
  • We use capital letters for the beginnings of sentences.
  • We use hyphens (-) in multi-word adjectives and phrase.
  • We use apostrophes (‘) to show contractions.
  • We use brackets () when we want to insert an extra idea.